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2019-05-15
For all PRI Mediatrix Units
v. 44.1.1605
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1 Online Help

If you are not familiar with the meaning of the fields and buttons, click Show Help , located at the upper right corner of the Web page. When activated, the fields and buttons that offer online help will change to green and if you hover over them, the description will be displayed.

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2 Channel Associated Signaling (CAS)

The Channel Associated Signaling (CAS) is a method of signalling where each traffic channel has a dedicated signaling channel.

In other words, the signalling for a particular traffic circuit is permanently associated with that circuit. Channel-associated call-control is still widely used today, mostly in South America, Africa, Australia, and in Europe. The Mediatrix unit uses the MFC/R2 CAS protocol. This is a compelled sequence multi-frequency code signaling. MFC/R2 can be used on international as well as national connections. In MFC/R2 signaling, the equipment units at the exchanges that send and receive digits, and the signaling between these units, are usually referred to as register and interregister signalling. The terms forwards and backwards are heavily used in descriptions of MFC/R2.

  • Forwards is the direction from the calling party to the called party.
  • Backwards is the direction from the called party to the calling party.

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2.1 Line Signals for the Digital Version of MFC-R2

The MFC/R2 digital line signals (defined in ITU-T Q.421) are the ABCD bits of CAS in timeslot 16 of an E1.

They represent the states of the line, and are similar to the states of an analog line. In general, only bits A and B are used. In most systems, bits C and D are set to fixed values and never change. There are some national variants where bit C or D may be used for metering pulses.

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2.2 Interregister Signals

The interregister, or interswitch, signals in MFC/R2 signaling (defined in ITU-T Q.441 ) are encoded as the presence of 2, and only 2, out of 6 specific tones, spaced at 120 Hz intervals.

Two sets of tones are defined:

  • one for forward signals
  • one for backward signals
There are 15 combinations of 2 out of 6 tones i.e.:
  • 10 signals for the digits 0 to 9
  • additional signals available for supervisory purposes
MFC/R2 uses a separate set of frequencies for the forward and backwards directions. The interregister signals are sent in-band. They may pass transparently through several nodes in the network between the two terminating switches. The signals are arranged in groups. When a call begins, the calling end uses group I signals, and the called end uses group A. The called end may tell the calling end to switch to using group II and group B signals, or to switch back to group A. In some countries, there are also groups III and C, used for caller number transfer. Groups III and C do not exist in the ITU specifications. MFC/R2 uses a system called compelled signaling. To ensure the sending end never sends signals too fast, each signal from the sending end results in an acknowledgement from the receiving end. The sending end is instructed signal by signal what it should send next – a dialed digit, a digit of caller ID, etc.

Fro more details refer to the https://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC-Q.400-Q.490-198811-I

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2.3 Setting the Mediatrix Unit to Use the R2 Signaling Protocol

Before You Start
R2 signaling protocol can only be used on E1 line type.
Steps
  1. Go to System /Hardware .
  2. In the PRI Cards Configuration table, from the Signaling selection list, located on the same line as the port you wish to dedicate to R2 signaling, choose R2 .

    Note

    When changing from R2 to ISDN or ISDN to R2, you must change your routes accordingly (Call Router/Route Config).

  3. From the Line Type selection list, make sure E1 is selected.
  4. Click Apply .
  5. Restart the unit.
Result
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2.4 Configuring R2 CAS Parameters

Steps
  1. Go to R2 /R2 Config .
  2. Note

    The number of available interfaces depends on the Mediatrix unit model.

  3. In the Interface Configuration configure the fields as required.
Result
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3 R2 Auto-Configuration

The R2 Auto-configuration feature allows the detection and the configuration of a specific or of all R2 interfaces so that the R2 link goes up and becomes usable with a minimal user interaction.

When launching an auto-configuration process, it stops automatically when all selected interfaces have been tested. For each interface, the auto-configuration process is considered successful when the link becomes up or a failure when all combinations have been tried without having a link up.

During R2 Auto-Configuration, the following parameters are updated:

  • PortPinout : TE / NT
  • ClockMode : MASTER / SLAVE
  • LineCoding : AMI / HDB3
  • LineFraming : CRC4 / NOCRC4

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3.1 Auto-Configuring R2 Interfaces

Context
Launching the auto-configuration may terminate abruptly all ongoing R2 calls.
Steps
  1. Go to R2 /Status .
  2. In the Automatic Configuration table, from the selection list, choose the interfaces to auto-configure.
  3. Click Start Sensing .
Result
Auto-configuration on all R2 interfaces may take some time to complete. Some of the current R2 settings might be replaced by new values.
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4 R2 Preset Configurations

It is possible to save a set of configurations as presets for future R2 connections.

These preset files are located in the file system's persistent memory. They differ depending on the Mediatrix unit you are using. Using preset files is especially useful for units that do not use the default values provided by Media5.

Note

Only script files can be used as R2 Preset configuration.

It is also possible to export the current R2 configuration in a preset.

Note

User-defined preset files are not kept in the event of a factory reset.

Installed configuration scripts/images are listed in the DGW Web interface, under Management /File .

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4.1 Saving an R2 Preset Configuration

Context

It is a best practice to export the R2 configuration before performing a factory reset or a partial reset, as user-defined presets are deleted.

Steps
  1. Go to R2 /Status .
  2. In the Preset Name field, enter the name of the R2 configuration you wish to save.
  3. Click Save .
Result
The R2 configuration will be exported and available under Management /File . The file will also be available under the Suggestion list.
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4.2 Using an R2 Preset Configuration

Context

Remember that the Preset configuration must first be imported in the file management system under Management /File .

Steps
  1. Go to R2 /Status .
  2. In the R2 Preset Configuration table, from the Suggestion list, choose the Preset to apply.
  3. Click Apply .
Result
The values of the parameters included in the R2 Preset configuration will be applied to the Mediatrix unit.
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5 Advanced Configuration

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5.1 Overriding Country Default R2 Signaling Variants

Steps
  1. Go to R2 /Signaling .
  2. From the Select Interface selection list, choose an interface .

    Note

    The number of available interfaces depends on the Mediatrix unit model.

  3. In the Country table, from the Override Default Country Settings selection list, choose Enable .
  4. Click Reset to Default to update the values with the selected country.

    Note

    Once the Override Default Country Settings is enabled, the indicated values in the table are not from the specified country in the Country Selection field. To get the appropriate values of the selected country, you must reset the table values first.

  5. When prompted to, restart required services.
  6. In the R2 Signaling Variants , complete the fields as required.
  7. Click Apply .
  8. Again, when prompted to, restart required services.
Result
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5.2 Overriding Country Default R2 Timers Variants

Before You Start
Modifying the default values of the Timers Variants should be performed by qualified technicians unless you are an expert in R2 CAS protocol.
Steps
  1. Go to R2 /Timers .
  2. From the Select Interface selection list, choose an interface .

    Note

    The number of available interfaces depends on the Mediatrix unit model.

  3. In the Country table, from the Override Default Country Settings selection list, choose Enable .
  4. Click Reset to Default to update the values with the selected country.

    Note

    Once the Override Default Country Settings is enabled, the indicated values in the table are not from the specified country in the Country Selection . To get the appropriate values of the selected country, you must reset the table values first.

  5. When prompted to, restart required services.
  6. In the R2 Timers Variants , complete the fields as required.

    Note

    Changing a timeout value could require to adjust other timeout values in R2 Timers Variants and R2 Digit Timers Variants. Refer to the parameter description for more details.

  7. Click Apply .
  8. Again, when prompted to, restart required services.
Result
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5.3 Overriding Country Default R2 Digit Timers Variants

Before You Start
Modifying the default values of the Digit Timers Variants should be performed by qualified technicians unless you are an expert in R2 CAS protocol.
Steps
  1. Go to R2 /Digit Timers .
  2. From the Select Interface selection list, choose an interface.

    Note

    The number of available interfaces depends on the Mediatrix unit model.

  3. In the Country table, from the Override Default Country Settings selection list, choose Enable .
  4. Click Reset to Default to update the values with the selected country.

    Note

    Once the Override Default Country Settings is enabled, the indicated values in the table are not from the specified country in the Country Selection . To get the appropriate values of the selected country, you must reset the table values first.

  5. In the R2 Digit Timers Variants , complete the fields as required.

    Note

    Changing a timeout value could require to adjust other timeout values in R2 Timers Variants and R2 Digit Timers Variants. Refer to the parameter description for more details.

  6. Click Apply .
Result
For example:
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5.4 Overriding Country Default Link Timers Variants

Steps
  1. Go to R2 /Link Timers .
  2. From the Select Interface selection list, choose an interface.

    Note

    The number of available interfaces depends on the Mediatrix unit model.

  3. In the Country table, from the Override Default Country Settings selection list, choose Enable .
  4. Click Reset to Default to update the values with the selected country.

    Note

    Once the Override Default Country Settings is enabled, the indicated values in the table are not from the specified country in the Country Selection . To get the appropriate values of the selected country, you must reset the table values first.

  5. In the R2 Link Timers Variants , complete the fields as required.
  6. Click Apply .
Result
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5.5 Overriding Country Default Tone Variants

Steps
  1. Go to R2 /Tones .
  2. From the Select Interface selection list, choose an interface .

    Note

    The number of available interfaces depends on the Mediatrix unit model.

  3. In the Country table, from the Override Default Country Settings selection list, choose Enable .
  4. Click Reset to Default to update the values with the selected country.

    Note

    Once the Override Default Country Settings is enabled, the indicated values in the table are not from the specified country in the Country Selection . To get the appropriate values of the selected country, you must reset the table values first.

  5. When prompted to, restart required services.
  6. In the R2 Tones Backward Groups and R2 Tones Forward Groups , complete the fields as required.

    Note

    For more details on Forward tones/groups and Backward tones/groups, refer to the Interregister Signals section.

  7. Click Apply .
  8. Again, when prompted to, restart required services.
Result
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6 Advanced R2 CAS Parameters

The PRI statistics are available in the Hardware.StatsInfo table. To reset the statistics, you must set "ResetStats" in the Hardware.StatsInfo.ResetStats parameter.

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7 Documentation

Mediatrix units are supplied with an exhaustive set of documentation.

Mediatrix user documentation is available on the Documentation Portal .

Several types of documents were created to clearly present the information you are looking for. Our documentation includes:

  • Release notes : Generated at each GA release, this document includes the known and solved issues of the software. It also outlines the changes and the new features the release includes.
  • Configuration notes : These documents are created to facilitate the configuration of a specific use case. They address a configuration aspect we consider that most users will need to perform. However, in some cases, a configuration note is created after receiving a question from a customer. They provide standard step-by-step procedures detailing the values of the parameters to use. They provide a means of validation and present some conceptual information. The configuration notes are specifically created to guide the user through an aspect of the configuration.
  • Technical bulletins : These documents are created to facilitate the configuration of a specific technical action, such as performing a firmware upgrade.
  • Hardware installation guide : They provide the detailed procedure on how to safely and adequately install the unit. It provides information on card installation, cable connections, and how to access for the first time the Management interface.
  • User guide : The user guide explains how to customise to your needs the configuration of the unit. Although this document is task oriented, it provides conceptual information to help the user understand the purpose and impact of each task. The User Guide will provide information such as where and how TR-069 can be configured in the Management Interface, how to set firewalls, or how to use the CLI to configure parameters that are not available in the Management Interface.
  • Reference guide : This exhaustive document has been created for advanced users. It includes a description of all the parameters used by all the services of the Mediatrix units. You will find, for example, scripts to configure a specific parameter, notification messages sent by a service, or an action description used to create Rulesets. This document includes reference information such as a dictionary, and it does not include any step-by-step procedures.

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8 Copyright Notice

Copyright © 2019 Media5 Corporation.

This document contains information that is proprietary to Media5 Corporation.

Media5 Corporation reserves all rights to this document as well as to the Intellectual Property of the document and the technology and know-how that it includes and represents.

This publication cannot be reproduced, neither in whole nor in part, in any form whatsoever, without written prior approval by Media5 Corporation.

Media5 Corporation reserves the right to revise this publication and make changes at any time and without the obligation to notify any person and/or entity of such revisions and/or changes.

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